Nov. 3, 2020 221
A part of speech is a category of words based on their function. The parts of speech are: noun, determiner, pronoun, verb, adjective, adverb, preposition, conjunction, and interjection.
Nouns are a person, place, thing, or idea. They can take on the role of subject or object in a sentence. They arecapitalized when they're the official name of something or someone. Examples: singer, Justin Bieber, music, religion,
President Xi Jinping.
Determiners are used to indicate further information about a noun. There are four different types of determiners in English: articles [the, a/an], demonstratives [this, that, these, those], quantifiers [a few, enough, many, a little, most, some, any, much], possessives [my, your, his, her, its, our, and their] and interrogatives [what, who, which etc.]
Pronouns represent a noun, for example people [I, me, she, they, them, he, him etc] or things [it, they, them etc].
Verbs always tell what happens (go, eat, run, etc.) or a state of being (to be: is, am, are). Verbs are changing based on tense (present, past) and count distinction (singular or plural). Examples: wrote, heard, ate, looked, lives, flies, drink, is, were, became
Adjectives serve to describe nouns, for example large, shallow, beautiful, dull, white.
Adverbs describe verbs, adjectives, and even other adverbs. They specify when, where, how, and why something happened and to what extent or how often. Examples: softly, lazily, often, only, hopefully, softly, sometimes.
A preposition is a word whose function is to show direction, location, or time. Examples are on, of, in, into, towards etc.
Conjunctions join words, phrases, and clauses in a sentence. There are coordinating, subordinating, and correlative conjunctions. Examples: and, but, or, so, yet, with.
Interjections are expressions that can stand on their own or be contained within sentences. These words and phrases often carry strong emotions and convey reactions. Examples: wow, ah, whoops, ouch, uhm, ta-da etc.
Identify the parts of speech of the following sentences!
Wow, totally beyond my head: the scientific literature on rhinoceros increased during the crisis but became dominated by ex situ laboratory‐ based studies, whereas the number of in situ ecological studies remained low, although the conservation action plans identified in situ and ecological studies as conservation priorities.
ex situ =
laboratory‐ based =
in situ =
As he crossed toward the pharmacy at the corner he involuntarily turned his head because of a burst of light that had ricocheted from his temple, and saw, with that quick smile with which we greet a rainbow or a rose, a blindingly white parallelogram of sky being unloaded from the van—a dresser with mirrors across which, as across a cinema screen, passed a flawlessly clear reflection of boughs sliding and swaying not arboreally, but with a human vacillation, produced by the nature of those who were carrying this sky, these boughs, this gliding façade.
being unloaded =
In the loveliest town of all, where the houses were white and high and the elms trees were green and higher than the houses, where the front yards were wide and pleasant and the back yards were bushy and worth finding out
about, where the streets sloped down to the stream and the stream flowed quietly under the bridge, where the lawns ended in orchards and the orchards ended in fields and the fields ended in pastures and the pastures climbed the hill and disappeared over the top toward the wonderful wide sky, in this loveliest of all towns Stuart stopped to get a drink of sarsaparilla.
to get =
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